Today’s Vet 101 guest post is by veterinarian and social media whiz Lorie Huston.
Why Should You Spay or Neuter Your Cat
by Lorie Huston DVM
Springtime is fast approaching and with it comes kitten season, that time of year when communitiesare overrun with litters of homeless kittens. The luckiest of these kittens find their way to shelters and rescues that ultimately will find homes for them. Unfortunately, not all of these kittens will be so lucky.
Reducing the number of homeless cats and kittens is one reason to spay or neuter your pet cat. And it’s a good one. Simply put, it’s what responsible cat owners do. However, reducing the feline overpopulation problem is not the only benefit to spaying or neutering your cat.
There are numerous health and behavioral benefits to spay/neuter.
- Female cats that are spayed, especially those that are spayed at an early age before their first heat cycle, have a significantly lower risk of mammary cancer than those cats that are not spayed. This is an important health benefit but it’s not the only one.
- When a female cat is spayed, her ovaries are both removed. Usually the uterus is also removed. This prevents your female from coming into heat. If you’ve ever lived with a cat that is heat, you already know it’s not a pleasant experience. Female cats vocalize, usually loudly and persistently, when they are in heat.
- Their behavior becomes erratic, often alternating between friendliness and irritability. Keeping your cat inside and away from any intact males (even those that are related to her) is essential when your cat is in heat. Otherwise, you’ll likely find your cat has gotten pregnant. For many cat owners, living through one heat cycle with their cat is enough to tip the scales in favor of spaying.
- Pyometra is a severe uterine infection that can prove to be life-threatening for unspayed cats. Cats develop this infection because of the changing hormone levels associated with coming in and out of heat. Spaying prevents this infection from occurring, another significant health benefit.
- A behavioral issue often found in unaltered cats is spraying. Both male and female cats can spray though it is more common in male cats. Cats spray to mark their territory and tell other cats to stay away. It is a form of inappropriate urination. By definition, spraying involves urinating on a vertical surface like a wall. However, some cats will also urinate on horizontal surfaces to mark territory. Although spaying or neutering will not stop this spraying behavior in all cats, the majority of altered cats do not spray.
- Neutered male cats tend to be less aggressive toward other cats and are likely to fight less than those that are not neutered. In addition, neutered male cats are more likely to be content to stay in your home or at least not wander as far from home in search of a female cat in heat if you do allow them outdoors.
Cats can reach sexual maturity by 6 months of age. Ideally, they should be spayed or neutered prior to this age. Kittens are routinely spayed and neutered as early as 6-8 weeks old, particularly in shelter and rescue situations. Early age spay/neuter allows kittens to be altered before leaving the shelter/rescue environment. However, if your cat is over 6 months of age, it’s not too late to spay or neuter. Cats of any age can be altered as long as they are healthy enough to undergo anesthesia.Author bio:
Lorie Huston is a veterinarian with over 20 years of experience working with dogs and cats. She currently practices in a busy urban setting. She is also a talented author, writer, blogger, and a Certified Veterinary Journalist (CVJ). You can find more about Huston at her pet health blog Pet Health Care Gazette. Her book Labrador Retrievers: How to Be Your Dog’s Best Friend is available on Amazon.